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The Procedures for Brick Chimney Repair and Fireplace Restoration

Soot build-up in your fireplace, bird’s nest in your chimney, cracked or deteriorated brick or mortar, lightning damage, water leaks, smoking problems – these are signs that will prompt you to look for a service center that can provide skilled craftsmen to restore both function and beauty of your chimney and fireplace.

The most common problems that are found within the firebox are cracked and deteriorated brick or mortar, which are usually in the back wall, water infiltration, and not properly built firebox dimensions, which is a source of smoking into the room. According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), cracks on chimneys and fireplaces can be fire hazards, because the smoke, which carries waste particles from the fire, deposits these particles on the walls, inside and behind the cracks, and the oily substance, known as creosote, from these particles can re-ignite from sparks rising in the chimney, and, therefore, cracks must be repaired to prevent creosote build-up. To repair the cracked areas on the chimney and fireplace, the process involves chiseling out the cracked areas and covering them with either Portland cement or fire-clay; however, one should never coat or smear the surface of the newly-covered cracked areas, as they will not bond well with the dirty, smoky surface.

Water infiltrating a chimney can cause serious problems, such that as water enters and mixes with the deposited particles on the chimney walls, like creosote and other deposits, the resulting mixture is an acidic compound which prematurely corrodes the damper and causes deterioration of the brick and mortar. Water infiltration into the chimney may also reach the chimney crown and the shell itself or may cause faulty flashing where the chimney meets the roof, and all these can further cause damages to the interior ceiling and flooring materials of the house, which are near the fireplace.
Services – Getting Started & Next Steps

There are two common design flaws have been detected, the reason for the improper dimensions found in chimneys, which are: the chimneys are too short to prevent downdrafts and the areas between the lintel and throat of the chimney are not tall enough to allow smoke to roll before entering the smoke shelf, and because of this, there is a build-up of smoke in the living area.
Getting To The Point – Repairs

Chimney bricks are hard-fired materials that can last over 100 years, but when rain soaks into the brick, then freezes and expands due to harsh weather elements, the thin layers of the brick slowly begin to fall off and land at the base of the chimney. Mortar joints can also deteriorate or develop premature voids, but all these results may actually depend on the type of mortar used and the methods used during the original construction.